keyboard shortcuts

CTRL + A Select all text on a webpage
CTRL + B Open the Bookmarks sidebar
CTRL + C Copy the selected text to the Windows clipboard
CTRL + D Bookmark the current webpage
CTRL + F Find text within the current webpage
CTRL + G Find more text within the same webpage
CTRL + H Opens the webpage History sidebar
CTRL + I Open the Bookmarks sidebar
CTRL + J Opens the Download Dialogue Box
CTRL + K Places the cursor in the Web Search box ready to type your search
CTRL + L Places the cursor into the URL box ready to type a website address
CTRL + M Opens your mail program (if you have one) to create a new email message
CTRL + N Opens a new Firefox window
CTRL + O Open a local file
CTRL + P Print the current webpage
CTRL + R Reloads the current webpage
CTRL + S Save the current webpage on your PC
CTRL + T Opens a new Firefox Tab
CTRL + U View the page source of the current webpage
CTRL + V Paste the contents of the Windows clipboard
CTRL + W Closes the current Firefox Tab or Window (if more than one tab is open)
CTRL + X Cut the selected text
CTRL + Z Undo the last action
Windows Keyboard Shortcuts for Mozilla Firefox
F1 Opens Firefox help
F3 Find more text within the same webpage
F5 Reload the current webpage
F6 Toggles the cursor between the address/URL input box and the current webpage
F7 Toggles Caret Browsing on and off. Used to be able to select text on a webpage with the keyboard
F11 Switch to Full Screen mode

Shortcut Command


Unhides any hidden rows within the selection.


Unhides any hidden columns within the selection.


Applies the outline border to the selected cells.


Removes the outline border from the selected cells.


Applies the General number format in Microsoft Excel.


Applies the Currency format with two decimal places (negative numbers in parentheses).


Applies the Percentage format with no decimal places.


Applies the Exponential number format with two decimal places.


Applies the Date format with the day, month, and year.


Applies the Time format with the hour and minute, and AM or PM.


Applies the Number format with two decimal places, thousands separator, and minus sign (-) for negative values.


Selects the current region around the active cell (the data area enclosed by blank rows and blank columns). In a PivotTable, it selects the entire PivotTable report.


Enters the current time.


Copies the value from the cell above the active cell into the cell or the Formula Bar.

CTRL SHFT Plus ( )

Displays the Insert dialog box to insert blank cells in Microsoft Excel.

CTRL+Minus (-)

Displays the Delete dialog box to delete the selected cells.


Enters the current date.


Alternates between displaying cell values and displaying formulas in the worksheet.


Copies a formula from the cell above the active cell into the cell or the Formula Bar.

Shortcut Command

CTRL+1 Displays the Format Cells dialog box.
CTRL+2 Applies or removes bold formatting.
CTRL+3 Applies or removes italic formatting.
CTRL 4 Applies or removes underlining in Microsoft Excel.
CTRL+5 Applies or removes strikethrough.
CTRL+6 Alternates between hiding objects, displaying objects, and displaying placeholders for objects.
CTRL+8 Displays or hides the outline symbols.
CTRL+9 Hides the selected rows.
CTRL 0 Hides the selected columns in Microsoft Excel.

Shortcut Command Of Function keys

F1 Displays the Microsoft Office Excel Help task pane. CTRL+F1 displays or hides the Ribbon, a component of the Microsoft Office Fluent user interface. ALT+F1 creates a chart of the data in the current range. ALT+SHFT+F1 inserts a new worksheet.
F2 Edits the active cell and positions the insertion point at the end of the cell contents. It also moves the insertion point into the Formula Bar when editing in a cell is turned off. SHFT+F2 adds or edits a cell comment. CTRL+F2 displays the Print Preview window.
F3 Displays the Paste Name dialog box. SHFT+F3 displays the Insert Function dialog box.
F4 Repeats the last command or action, if possible. CTRL+F4 closes the selected workbook window.
F5 Displays the Go To dialog box. CTRL F5 restores the window size of the selected workbook window in Microsoft Excel.
F6 Switches between the worksheet, Ribbon, task pane, and Zoom controls. In a worksheet that has been split (View menu, Manage This Window, Freeze Panes, Split Window command), F6 includes the split panes when switching between panes and the Ribbon area. SHFT+F6 switches between the worksheet, Zoom controls, task pane, and Ribbon. CTRL+F6 switches to the next workbook window when more than one workbook window is open.
F7 Displays the Spelling dialog box to check spelling in the active worksheet or selected range. CTRL+F7 performs the Move command on the workbook window when it is not maximized. Use the arrow keys to move the window, and when finished press ENTER, or ESC to cancel.
F8 Turns extend mode on or off. In extend mode, Extended Selection appears in the status line, and the arrow keys extend the selection. SHFT+F8 enables you to add a nonadjacent cell or range to a selection of cells by using the arrow keys. CTRL+F8 performs the Size command (on the Control menu for the workbook window) when a workbook is not maximized. ALT+F8 displays the Macro dialog box to create, run, edit, or delete a macro.
F9 Calculates all worksheets in all open workbooks. SHFT F9 calculates the active worksheet in Microsoft Excel. CTRL ALT F9 calculates all worksheets in all open workbooks, regardless of whether they have changed since the last calculation. CTRL ALT SHFT F9 rechecks dependent formulas, and then calculates all cells in all open workbooks, including cells not marked as needing to be calculated. CTRL F9 minimizes a workbook window to an icon.
F10 Turns key tips on or off. SHFT F10 displays the shortcut menu for a selected item in Microsoft Excel. ALT SHFT F10 displays the menu or message for a smart tag. If more than one smart tag is present, it switches to the next smart tag and displays its menu or message. CTRL F10 maximizes or restores the selected workbook window.
F11 Creates a chart of the data in the current range. SHFT+F11 inserts a new worksheet. ALT+F11 opens the Microsoft Visual Basic Editor, in which you can create a macro by using Visual Basic for Applications (VBA).
F12 Displays the Save As dialog box.

Shortcut Command Of Other useful shortcut keys

ARROW KEYS Move one cell up, down, left, or right in a worksheet. CTRL+ARROW KEY moves to the edge of the current data region (data region: A range of cells that contains data and that is bounded by empty cells or datasheet borders.) in a worksheet. SHFT+ARROW KEY extends the selection of cells by one cell. CTRL+SHFT+ARROW KEY extends the selection of cells to the last nonblank cell in the same column or row as the active cell, or if the next cell is blank, extends the selection to the next nonblank cell
BACKSPACE Deletes one character to the left in the Formula Bar in Microsoft Excel. Also clears the content of the active cell. In cell editing mode, it deletes the character to the left of the insertion point.
DELETE Removes the cell contents (data and formulas) from selected cells without affecting cell formats or comments. In cell editing mode, it deletes the character to the right of the insertion point.
END Moves to the cell in the lower-right corner of the window when SCROLL LOCK is turned on. Also selects the last command on the menu when a menu or submenu is visible. CTRL+END moves to the last cell on a worksheet, in the lowest used row of the rightmost used column. If the cursor is in the formula bar, CTRL+END moves the cursor to the end of the text. CTRL+SHFT+END extends the selection of cells to the last used cell on the worksheet (lower-right corner). If the cursor is in the formula bar, CT
ENTER Completes a cell entry from the cell or the Formula Bar, and selects the cell below (by default). In a data form, it moves to the first field in the next record. Opens a selected menu (press F10 to activate the menu bar) or performs the action for a selected command. In a dialog box, it performs the action for the default command button in the dialog box (the button with the bold outline, often the OK button). ALT+ENTER starts a new line in the same cell. CTRL+ENTER fills the selected cell range
ESC Cancels an entry in the cell or Formula Bar in Microsoft Excel. Closes an open menu or submenu, dialog box, or message window. It also closes full screen mode when this mode has been applied, and returns to normal screen mode to display the Ribbon and status bar again.
HOME Moves to the beginning of a row in a worksheet. Moves to the cell in the upper-left corner of the window when SCROLL LOCK is turned on. Selects the first command on the menu when a menu or submenu is visible. CTRL+HOME moves to the beginning of a worksheet. CTRL+SHFT+HOME extends the selection of cells to the beginning of the worksheet.
PAGE DOWN Moves one screen down in a worksheet. ALT+PAGE DOWN moves one screen to the right in a worksheet. CTRL+PAGE DOWN moves to the next sheet in a workbook. CTRL+SHFT+PAGE DOWN selects the current and next sheet in a workbook.
PAGE UP Moves one screen up in a worksheet. ALT+PAGE UP moves one screen to the left in a worksheet. CTRL+PAGE UP moves to the previous sheet in a workbook. CTRL+SHFT+PAGE UP selects the current and previous sheet in a workbook.
SPACEBAR In a dialog box, performs the action for the selected button, or selects or clears a check box. CTRL+SPACEBAR selects an entire column in a worksheet. SHFT+SPACEBAR selects an entire row in a worksheet. CTRL+SHFT+SPACEBAR selects the entire worksheet. If the worksheet contains data, CTRL+SHFT+SPACEBAR selects the current region. Pressing CTRL+SHFT+SPACEBAR a second time selects the current region and its summary rows. Pressing CTRL+SHFT+SPACEBAR a third time selects the entire worksheet. Wh
BitmapBitmap  TAB Moves one cell to the right in a worksheet. Moves between unlocked cells in a protected worksheet. Moves to the next option or option group in a dialog box. SHFT TAB moves to the previous cell in a worksheet or the previous option in a dialog box in Microsoft Excel. CTRL TAB switches to the next tab in dialog box. CTRL SHFT TAB switches to the previous


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