Remote Access Server
A server that is dedicated to handling users that are not on a LAN but needremote access to it. The remote access server allows users to gain access to files and print services on the LAN from a remote location. For example, a user who dials into a network from home using an analog modem or an ISDNconnection will dial into a remote access server. Once the user isauthenticated he can access shared drives and printers as if he were physically connected to the office LAN.
Web servers are computers that deliver (serves up) Web pages. Every Web server has an IP address and possibly a domain name. For example, if you enter the URL http://www.pcwebopedia.com/index.html in your browser, this sends a request to the Web server whose domain name ispcwebopedia.com. The server then fetches the page named index.html and sends it to your browser.
Any computer can be turned into a Web server by installing server softwareand connecting the machine to the Internet. There are many Web server software applications, including public domain software from NCSA and Apache, and commercial packages from Microsoft, Netscape and others.
Data server is the phrase used to describe computer software and hardware (a database platform) that delivers database services. Also called a database server it also performs tasks such as data analysis, storage, data manipulation, archiving, and other tasks using client/server architecture.
About Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2008 R2 is a network operating system Microsoft, and can be deployed in medium to large scale industries in order to allow administrators to centrally manage the entire network setup right from a single location. The main difference between a client operating system, such as Microsoft Windows 8, Microsoft Windows 7, etc. and a network operating system such as Microsoft Windows Server 2008 RTM/R2, Windows Server 2003 and Windows 2000 Server is that the network operating system (NOS) has some additional server specific features integrated in it. These additional features include:
- Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS)
- Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
- Domain Name System (DNS)
- Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS)
- Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS)
- Distributed File System (DFS), etc.
Although Windows Server 2008 R2 is a network operating system, it is initially installed just as a normal client operating system, i.e. without any additional server oriented services or features installed in it. In order to make the installed network operating system work as a typical server, systems administrators must install the server services and/or features according to the role that they want the computer to play in the network.
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How to setup a Windows 2008 R2 Domain Controller.
5. We are going to be creating a new domain in a new forest. (This is the first and only domain controller in my lab). Click Next. If we were wanting to add an additional domain controller to a domain we would select Existing Forest and Add a domain controller to an existing domain.
9. In this step we need to select our Forest Functional Level. Easiest way to decide what to use is if you still have Windows 2000 domain controllers in your Active Directory select Windows 2000. If you have Windows 2003 domain controllers in your Activie Directory select Windows 2003, same applies for Windows 2008. However if your domain controllers only contain Windows 2008 R2 servers, select Windows 2008 R2. Click Next. You can alway raise the Forest Functional Level, i.e. if you have Windows 2003 Domain Controllers that you will be decommissioning in time, however you can’t lower the Forest Functional Level.
12. Here we can change the locations of the Database, Log and SYSVOL folder or accept the defaults. Click Next. You may want to click on and read the link “placing Active Directory Domain Services Files” to determine if you should place these folders on separate drives.
13. Set a directory services restore password, be sure to remember this password or keep it in a safe place, as this password is used to restore active directory in the event of a disaster where Active Directory needs to be restored.
14. We are now presented with a summary of the setup wizard. If you are happy with the summary click Next. You can also export the settings to use for unattended installations of Windows 2008 R2 Domain Controller.
Microsoft Active Directory provides the structure to centralize the network management and store information about network resources across the entire domain. Active Directory uses Domain Controllers to keep this centralized storage available to network users. In order to configure a Windows Server 2008 machine to act as Domain Controller, several considerations and prerequisites should be taken into account, and several steps should be performed. In this article I will guide you through these prerequisites and steps of creating a new Windows Server 2008 Domain Controller for a new Active Directory domain in a new forest.
Roles can and should be added from Server Manager (but they can also be initiated from the Initial Configuration Tasks wizard that auto-opens the first time you log on to the server).
- Open Server Manager by clicking the icon in the Quick Launch toolbar, or from the Administrative Tools folder.
- Wait till it finishes loading, then click on Roles > Add Roles link.
- In the Before you begin window, click Next.
- In the Select Server Roles window, click to select Active Directory Domain Services, and then click Next.
- In the Active Directory Domain Services window read the provided information if you want to, and then click Next.
- In the Confirm Installation Selections, read the provided information if you want to, and then click Next.
- Wait till the process completes.
- When it ends, click Close.
- Going back to Server Manager, click on the Active Directory Domain Services link, and note that there’s no information linked to it, because the DCPROMO command has not been run yet.
- Now you can click on the DCPROMO link, or read on.
- To run DCPROMO, enter the command in the Run command, or click on the DCPROMO link from Server Manager > Roles > Active Directory Domain Services.
2. Depending upon the question if AD-DS was previously installed or not, the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard will appear immediately or after a short while. Click Next